Sleep Apnea

What do you need to know about the BiPAP device settings?

What do you need to know about the BiPAP device settings?

The BiPAP devices are one of the most utilized forms of treatment, which works in the form of a non-invasive mode of ventilation. BiPAP or the bi-level positive airways pressure works with two pressure ranges. The pressurized air gets delivered through the nasal area or mouth, which reaches out to the lungs to help in easy breathing. This non-invasive ventilation process works with the augmented alveolar ventilation, which helps in retaining the proper pace of breathing.

How does BiPAP work?

A BiPAP machine comes in the form of a small device. It gets connected with a flexible tuning to a face mask worn by the patients, which delivers a steady air supply through the breathing ways. A BiPAP device delivers a double range of pressure during both inhalation and exhalation. A BiPAP machine comes with a program that assists in spontaneous breathing with the delivery of the airflow. Here are the two different pressure range works with:

  •  Positive pressure on Inspiration or IPAP [ Inspiratory Positive Airway Pressure]
  •  Positive pressure on Expiration or EPAP [ Expiratory Positive Airway Pressure]

The BiPAP machine helps the user by pushing the oxygen to their lungs. Then it helps in maintaining patency in the airway, which allows more oxygen diffusion to the pulmonary circulation.

What are the BiPAP modes:

BiPAP devices usually work with various modes, which mark the various pressure settings based on the requirement of the patients. The modes in a BiPAP device are added to control how the machine works in keeping the airways from collapsing.

The S or the Spontaneous mode in a BiPAP device offers a proper amount of support to the breathing, which the patient takes on their own. This mode is essential for those who are conscious and suffering from moderate breathing difficulties.

On the other hand, the S/T or Spontaneous/ Timed mode comes up with the combination of spontaneous breathing and machine delivered breathing with the respiratory rate setting. It helps in assisting breathing for the serious condition when the patients feel the need for strong support for their breathing.

What are the BiPAP settings?

The BiPAP usually comes with a variety of settings that need to be activated based on the requirement or the condition of the patient. Here are the BiPAP settings which are much used to deliver a steady pressure range:

IPAP:The IPAP or the Inspiratory Positive Airway Pressure is the positive delivery of pressure that gets generated during the inspiration period. It helps the patient to take deeper breaths than usual.

EPAP: The EPAP or the Expiratory Positive Airway Pressure is another positive delivery of pressure that gets generated through the expiration. It helps in splinting to open the upper airway. It maintains the required resting volume in the lungs and at the end of expiration which helps to prevent any kind of secretion or collapse. This setting is dedicated to helping the lungs expand in better ways to achieve proper breathing.

Ti: The Ti or the Inspiratory Time is referred to the length of time which the device takes for the delivery of breathing.

RR: RR or the Respiratory Rate is referred to the number of breaths which the machine will deliver, despite considering the effort of the patient.

The Rise: The Rise is a special function in a BiPAP device that determines how quickly the BiPAP machine will switch from the EPAP to the IPAP pressure range during the time of the Inspiration.

What are the setup precautions that need to be followed?

Before you switch your treatment for the BiPAP devices to combat your breathing-related issues, you need to ensure that you are taking all the necessary precautions for it. Taking the precautions ensures that you are receiving an effective treatment that can improve your health condition quickly. Here are the setup precautions you need to take:

  • Make sure you are not blocking the air intake filter of the device.
  • Do not block the exhalation port or any kind of built-in leaks in the mask
  •  Make sure the masks are having the exhalation port attachment or built-in leak to help the CO2 escape.


If your doctor prescribes you for the BiPAP therapy, then you need to ensure that you are receiving it in the right way. Go through a complete guide on how to use it and how to set it up to make sure you are receiving the best therapy through it.

Comment (1)

  1. […] Maintaining the BiPAP device regularly makes sure that the device runs for a long time and gives you the proper treatment with the necessary effectiveness. Here is how to maintain it properly from time to time: […]

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